To elucidate the effects of cerebellar hemorrhage on the term neonate, neurodevelopmental assessments were conducted at a mean age of 32 months on six children. In addition to cerebellar hemorrhage, ventriculomegaly was present on each subject's initial computed tomographic scan. All were managed without surgical evacuation. Two patients required shunts for progressive ventriculomegaly. Five patients had follow-up computed tomography indicating mild atrophy of the superior anterior vermis of the cerebellum; however, none had abnormal ventricular size or abnormalities of the cerebrum. On detailed examination conducted between the ages of 18 and 48 months, five had hypotonia, truncal ataxia, and intention tremor; two had nystagmus. Only one patient walked independently. Intellectual performance of four patients was within the retarded range and two had mildly delayed development. Two patients had markedly disordered expressive language. These data suggest that term neonates surviving cerebellar hemorrhage have neurologic deficits related to the site of hemorrhage, and cognitive deficits related to more generalized cerebral insult. © 1985.