Evaluation of a microtiter plate fluorescent-antibody assay for rapid detection of human cytomegalovirus infection

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The use of monoclonal antibody (MAb) p63-27, which is reactive with the major immediate-early human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) protein pp72, was explored for the rapid diagnosis of HCMV viruria. The rapid assay detected all but 1 of 19 specimens identified by standard virus isolation methods from 1,676 newborn urine specimens, achieving a sensitivity of 94.5% and a specificity of 100%. The monoclonal antibody recognized 260 randomly obtained clinical isolates of HCMV, indicating the suitability of this reagent for use in screening assays. The sensitivity of the microtiter plate method declined rapidly for specimen from older infants and children with congenital CMV infection and virus-infected children attending a day-care center and was judged to be unacceptable for screening populations in this age group.
  • Published In

    Author List

  • Boppana SB; Smith RJ; Stagno S; Britt WJ
  • Start Page

  • 721
  • End Page

  • 723
  • Volume

  • 30
  • Issue

  • 3