Risk factors for wound disruption following cesarean delivery

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: Risk factors for post-cesarean wound infection, but not disruption, are well-described in the literature. The primary objective of this study was to identify risk factors for non-infectious post-cesarean wound disruption. Methods: Secondary analysis was conducted using data from a single-center randomized controlled trial of staple versus suture skin closure in women ≥24 weeks' gestation undergoing cesarean delivery. Wound disruption was defined as subcutaneous skin or fascial dehiscence excluding primary wound infections. Composite wound morbidity (disruption or infection) was examined as a secondary outcome. Patient demographics, medical co-morbidities, and intrapartum characteristics were evaluated as potential risk factors using multivariable logistic regression. Results: Of the 398 randomized patients, 340, including 26 with disruptions (7.6%) met inclusion criteria and were analyzed. After multivariable adjustments, African-American race (aOR 3.9, 95% CI 1.1-13.8) and staple-as opposed to suture-wound closure (aOR 5.4, 95% CI 1.8-16.1) remained significant risk factors for disruption; non-significant increases were observed for body mass index ≥30 (aOR 2.1, 95% CI 0.6-7.5), but not for diabetes mellitus (aOR 0.9, 95% CI 0.3-2.9). Results for composite wound morbidity were similar. Conclusions: Skin closure with staples, African-American race, and considering the relatively small sample size, potentially obesity are associated with increased risk of non-infectious post-cesarean wound disruption. © 2014 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Subramaniam A; Jauk VC; Figueroa D; Biggio JR; Owen J; Tita ATN
  • Start Page

  • 1237
  • End Page

  • 1240
  • Volume

  • 27
  • Issue

  • 12