Elevated MMPI scores for hypochondriasis, depression, and hysteria in patients with rheumatoid arthritis reflect disease rather than psychological status

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) scales for Hypochondriasis, Depression, and Hysteria were studied in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The RA patients showed elevated scores on these scales, and these results are similar to those reported in each of 6 published studies. The elevated MMPI scale scores can be explained largely by 5 “disease‐related” MMPI statements which met 2 criteria: (a) they were among 11 of the 117 MMPI statements that two‐thirds of rheumatologists predicted would be RA‐associated; and (b) RA patients and normal subjects differed significantly in their responses to these statements. The responses of RA patients and normal subjects to most other statements in the MMPI Hypochondriasis, Depression, and Hysteria scales were quite similar. In RA patients, responses to “disease‐related” statements were correlated with results of measures of disease activity, which indicates that responses to these MMPI items reflect the severity, as well as the presence, of RA. These findings suggest that new criteria are needed for validation of the MMPI as a clinical tool for the recognition of hypochondriasis, depression, and hysteria in a patient who has RA. Copyright © 1986 American College of Rheumatology
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 25904107
  • Author List

  • Pincus T; Callahan LF; Bradley LA; Vaughn WK; Wolfe F
  • Start Page

  • 1456
  • End Page

  • 1466
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 12