This review examines the current literature regarding psychiatric comorbidities associated with fibromyalgia. The aim of this review is to enhance understanding of psychiatric disorders that, alone or in combination with other physiologic (eg, neuroendocrine dysfunction) and psychosocial factors (eg, poor coping skills), may contribute to abnormal pain sensitivity and other illness behaviors of individuals with fibromyalgia. The review first identifies the psychiatric comorbidities that are associated most often with fibromyalgia and tend to aggregate within families of individuals with this disorder. It then examines the literature regarding the extent to which psychiatric illness, environmental stressors, or other psychosocial factors may contribute to the development of fibromyalgia. The review also presents recent findings concerning the extent to which psychosocial factors may contribute to treatment-related outcomes in pain and other health status variables among patients with fibromyalgia. Copyright © 2005 by Current Science Inc.