A receptor on the surface of nonsensitized mouse spleen cells that recognizes a glycoprotein from transformed mouse L-929 cells is described. The interaction of the receptor and glycoprotein inducer results in the production of MoIFα/β. An assay was developed to assess certain biologic and physicochemical characteristics of the receptor. The receptor and glycoprotein inducer bound in a concentration-dependent manner, which tends to indicate a direct interaction between the two. The receptor was not ubiquitous; spleen cells but not normal mouse embryo cells appeared to be the source. It was specific for MoIFNα/β inducers from transformed cells, but not from other MoIFNα/β or γ inducers such as NDV, LPS, PWM, or SEA. The receptor appeared to be a cell surface protein in that its activity was abolished by trypsinization of whole spleen cells. Previous studies indicated that the receptor was probably located on B cells. Gel filtration indicated that the receptor had a m.w. of 30,000 to 60,000. Because the receptor appeared to be: 1) B lymphocyte associated, 2) a surface protein, and 3) 30,000 to 60,000 daltons, a similarity to Ia antigen was suggested. This possibility was confirmed by showing binding of the receptor to an anti-Ia(k) antibody-Sepharose affinity column. PAGE analysis of the affinity-purified receptor revealed a single protein band with a m.w. of approximately 60,000. ELISA of the above gel slices with anti-Ia antibody further confirmed the specificity of the column. A physical association of the receptor and inducer was demonstrated by showing binding of the glycoprotein inducer to a receptor (Ia antigen)-Sepharose affinity column. Furthermore, the receptor (Ia antigen) was highly purified by a glycoprotein inducer-Sepharose affinity column.