1. A luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)-like molecule produced by thymocytes is similar to hypothalamic LHRH in both bioactivity and antigenicity. 2. We determined whether this thymic LHRH is identical to or only homologous with hypothalamic LHRH by synthesizing and sequencing the cDNA of rat thymus LHRH. 3. The thymocyte and hypothalamic LHRH cDNAs are identical, indicating, that the amino acid sequences of LHRH produced in the hypothalamus and the immune system are also identical. 4. This is the first report showing conclusively that cell of the immune system transcribe the authentic mRNA for a hypothalamic releasing factor, LHRH. © 1992 Plenum Publishing Corporation.