TRPV5 and TRPV6 are two closely related epithelial calcium channels that mediate apical calcium entry in the transcellular calcium transport pathway. TRPV5, but not TRPV6, is enhanced by protein kinase WNK4 when expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. We report that the majority of human TRPV5 exogenously expressed in the Xenopus oocyte plasma membrane was complexly N-glycosylated whereas that for human TRPV6 was core-glycosylated. Unglycosylated N358Q mutants of TRPV5 and TRPV6 were able to be expressed in the plasma membrane albeit with decreased abilities in mediating calcium uptake. Syntaxin 6, a SNARE protein in the trans-Golgi network, blocked the complex glycosylation of TRPV5 and TRPV6, rendered the channels in core-glycosylated form. Blocking complex glycosylation of TRPV5 either by syntaxin 6 or by N358Q mutation abolished the enhancing effect of WNK4 on TRPV5. Thus the difference in membrane expression of TRPV5 and TRPV6 explains the selective effect of WNK4 on TRPV5, which is likely on the secretory pathway involving complex glycosylation of channel proteins. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.