We analyzed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2002 to 2010 to examine the temporal trends in incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), AKI requiring dialysis, and associated in-hospital mortality in patients ≥75 years of age hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction and undergoing early (within 24 hours) percutaneous coronary intervention. Of 2,225,707 patients ≥75 years of age with acute myocardial infarction, 233,508 (10.5%) underwent early percutaneous coronary intervention, of which 21,961 (9.4%) developed AKI and 1,257 (0.54%) developed AKI requiring dialysis. From 2002 to 2010, the incidence of AKI increased from 5.6% to 14.2% (p for trend <0.001) and that for AKI requiring dialysis decreased (0.6% to 0.4%; p for trend 0.018). Compared with 2002, multivariable-adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for AKI, AKI requiring dialysis, and in-hospital mortality in 2010 were 1.87 (1.71 to 2.05), 0.20 (0.15 to 0.27) and 0.74 (0.60 to 0.90), respectively. In conclusion, among hospitalized adults ≥75 years of age, from 2002 to 2010, there was an increase in AKI, but there was paradoxical decrease in AKI requiring dialysis and in-hospital mortality, potentially reflecting increased health-care provider awareness resulting in early recognition and implementation of renal-protective strategies and diagnosis-related group creep. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.