By studies in centenarians, it was recently found that an STR marker of the Tyrosine Hydroxylase (TH, 11p15.5) gene is associated with human longevity. The aim of the present study was to continue the exploration of the 11p15.5 chromosomal region in human longevity by analyzing two additional RFLP markers, which lie in the Insulin (INS) and Insulin Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) genes. Both the genes, which are localized downstream TH, are indeed good candidates in longevity, as ascertained on the basis of laboratory studies in experimental models. Neither INS nor IGF2 markers did reveal association with longevity. Nevertheless, linkage disequilibrium analyses showed sex-specific longevity associations defined by both TH-INS and TH-IGF2 haplotypes. On the whole, the results reinforce the involvement of the chromosomal region spanning from TH to IGF2 loci in controlling the longevity phenotype in humans. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc.