Lower peripheral blood CD14+ monocyte frequency and higher CD34+ progenitor cell frequency are associated with HBV vaccine induced response in HIV infected individuals

Academic Article


  • We evaluated immunologic predictors of response to HBV vaccine administered in the presence or absence of GM-CSF in HIV infected individuals. We measured peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor, monocyte and myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) frequencies, and expression of GMCSF receptor on monocytes and MDSCs, at baseline and 4 weeks after immunization in relation to antibody response. We observed higher baseline progenitor and lower monocyte frequencies among week 16 antibody responders. Week 4 decline in MDSC frequency was associated with week 16 antibody response, while administration of GM-CSF was associated with preservation of these cells. No significant differences in GM-CSF receptor expression were observed in the presence vs. absence of GM-CSF. These findings are consistent with a positive role of progenitor cells and a potential negative role of monocytes in vaccine response. Additionally, GM-CSF augmented the preservation of peripheral blood MDSC, which may contribute to the lack of improved vaccine responses. © 2011.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Vaccine  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Anthony DD; Umbleja T; Aberg JA; Kang M; Medvik K; Lederman MM; Peters MG; Koziel MJ; Overton ET
  • Start Page

  • 3558
  • End Page

  • 3563
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 19