Increased endothelin receptor gene expression in hypoxic rat lung.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Our previous studies demonstrated that exposure to hypoxia increases pulmonary artery pressure and plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels and selectively enhances ET-1 gene expression in rat lung. The current study examined the effects of hypoxia (48 h, 10% O2, 1 atm) on ET-1 and endothelin A (ETA) and ETB receptor steady-state mRNA levels in lung, heart, pulmonary artery, thoracic aorta, superior vena cava, kidney, spleen, and liver of the rat. In lung, hypoxic exposure was associated with significant increases in ET-1 mRNA (4.1-fold), ET-1 peptide (1.5-fold) and ETA mRNA (2.3-fold) levels; ETB mRNA levels were unchanged. ET-1 mRNA was increased in response to hypoxia in pulmonary artery but not in aorta; both ETA and ETB receptor steady-state mRNA levels were increased in thoracic aorta, left atrium, and right ventricle, and tended to be increased in right atrium of hypoxia-exposed rats, compared with air controls. ETB but not ETA receptor steady-state mRNA levels were increased in pulmonary artery of hypoxia-exposed rats. No change in expression of either ET receptor steady-state mRNA levels was seen in organs perfused by the systemic vascular bed. In no case were ET receptor mRNA levels in hypoxic rats reduced below air control levels, despite elevations in local and/or circulating ET-1. These findings are consistent with a role for ET-1, acting through ETA receptors, in the pathogenesis of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension.
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    Keywords

  • Animals, Aorta, Thoracic, Base Sequence, Blotting, Northern, DNA Primers, DNA Probes, Gene Expression, Heart Atria, Heart Ventricles, Hypoxia, Kidney, Liver, Lung, Male, Molecular Sequence Data, Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Myocardium, Organ Specificity, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Pulmonary Artery, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley, Receptors, Endothelin, Spleen, Vena Cava, Superior
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Li H; Elton TS; Chen YF; Oparil S
  • Start Page

  • L553
  • End Page

  • L560
  • Volume

  • 266
  • Issue

  • 5 Pt 1