H2S protects against pressure overload-induced heart failure via upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background-: Cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) produces H2S via enzymatic conversion of L-cysteine and plays a critical role in cardiovascular homeostasis. We investigated the effects of genetic modulation of CSE and exogenous H2S therapy in the setting of pressure overload-induced heart failure. Methods and Results-: Transverse aortic constriction was performed in wild-type, CSE knockout, and cardiac-specific CSE transgenic mice. In addition, C57BL/6J or CSE knockout mice received a novel H S donor (SG-1002). Mice were followed up for 12 weeks with echocardiography. We observed a >60% reduction in myocardial and circulating H S levels after transverse aortic constriction. CSE knockout mice exhibited significantly greater cardiac dilatation and dysfunction than wild-type mice after transverse aortic constriction, and cardiac-specific CSE transgenic mice maintained cardiac structure and function after transverse aortic constriction. H S therapy with SG-1002 resulted in cardioprotection during transverse aortic constriction via upregulation of the vascular endothelial growth factor-Akt-endothelial nitric oxide synthase-nitric oxide-cGMP pathway with preserved mitochondrial function, attenuated oxidative stress, and increased myocardial vascular density. Conclusions-: Our results demonstrate that H S levels are decreased in mice in the setting of heart failure. Moreover, CSE plays a critical role in the preservation of cardiac function in heart failure, and oral H S therapy prevents the transition from compensated to decompensated heart failure in part via upregulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and increased nitric oxide bioavailability. © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc. 2 2 2 2 2
  • Published In

  • Circulation  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kondo K; Bhushan S; King AL; Prabhu SD; Hamid T; Koenig S; Murohara T; Predmore BL; Gojon G; Wang R
  • Start Page

  • 1116
  • End Page

  • 1127
  • Volume

  • 127
  • Issue

  • 10