Aortic stenosis is currently the most predominant valvular pathology in older adults. Signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis in this age-group may be difficult to recognize due to the decreased activity associated with aging and attribution of symptoms to other conditions. Echocardiography can be very helpful in the assessment of valvular structure and real time hemodynamic evaluation as well as in the progression of the disease over time. Unprecedented advances in echocardiography, including real time three-dimensional echocardiography, facilitate a comprehensive assessment of this condition and help in the decision-making process. Recent innovations in the percutaneous treatment of valvular diseases promise a revolution in the treatment of aortic stenosis especially in older adults. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.