Comparison of the prognostic value of normal regadenoson with normal adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging with propensity score matching

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with normal regadenoson myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) have a low rate of cardiac events, similar to patients with normal adenosine MPI. Background: Regadenoson, a new selective adenosine A2A receptor agonist, is now a widely used stress agent for MPI. The low rate of cardiac events in patients with normal adenosine MPI is well-documented, but the prognostic implications of a normal regadenoson MPI have not been examined and compared with those with adenosine. Methods: Data on primary composite endpoint (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization) were collected for 2,000 patients (1,000 regadenoson, and 1,000 adenosine stress) with normal myocardial perfusion and left ventricular ejection fraction referred for vasodilator MPI. In addition, propensity scores were used to assemble a balanced cohort of 505 pairs of patients who were balanced on 36 baseline characteristics. Results: The primary endpoint occurred in 21 (2.1%; 1.1%/year) patients in the regadenoson group and 33 (3.3%; 1.7%/year) patients in the adenosine group (hazard ratio [HR] for regadenoson vs. adenosine: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.36 to 1.08; p = 0.090). In the propensity-matched pairs, the primary endpoint occurred in 7 (1.4%; 0.7%/year) patients in the regadenoson group and 13 (2.6%; 1.3%/year) patients in the adenosine group (matched HR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.23 to 1.48; p = 0.257). Cardiac deaths were infrequent in the entire sample and in the propensity-matched groups; the cardiac death rate was 0.9%/year and 1.15%/year in the regadenoson and adenosine groups (HR: 0.77; 95% CI: 0.42 to 1.43; p = 0.404) in the pre-match sample and 0.5%/year and 0.7%/year in the matched groups, respectively (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.25 to 2.73; p = 0.763). Conclusions: Major cardiac events are infrequent in patients with normal regadenoson MPI. These findings provide assurance that normal MPI using a simpler stress protocol with regadenoson provides prognostic data similar to normal adenosine MPI. © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation.
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    Author List

  • Iqbal FM; Hage FG; Ahmed A; Dean PJ; Raslan S; Heo J; Iskandrian AE
  • Start Page

  • 1014
  • End Page

  • 1021
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 10