Cardiomyopathy refers to a set of diseases that are characterized by myocardial dysfunction. Classically, two-dimensional echocardiography has been used in the diagnosis of these disorders and to help guide their management. Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography is now increasingly being used in the diagnosis, management, and prognostication of intrinsic cardiomyopathies. In this article, we summarize the available data on the use of three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in various forms of intrinsic cardiomyopathy as well as some of its advantages over traditional two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography. © 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.