© 2016, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology. Cancer and cardiovascular disease are the two leading causes of mortality worldwide. Evolving oncologic therapy, including the use of newer targeted agents, has led to an improvement in survival from childhood- and adult-onset cancers. Consequently, there has been a growing realization of cardiotoxic complications related to cancer therapy, with some complications manifesting over months to decades after completion of cancer treatment. This paper reviews cancer therapeutics-related cardiovascular toxicity and its manifestations, multimodality imaging techniques for surveillance and detection of this complication, and the current state of knowledge in this emerging field.