Background Little is known about the impact of post-menopausal hormone therapy on remnant-like particle (RLP) concentrations and about the relationship between RLP concentration and angiographic progression of coronary artery disease and clinical events in women. Methods RLP cholesterol and triglyceride levels were measured at baseline and 3 months after randomization in 397 post-menopausal women enrolled in The Women's Angiographic Vitamin & Estrogen (WAVE) trial. Correlates of baseline RLP levels and changes in levels with post-menopausal hormone therapy were determined with multiple linear regression. Coronary angiography was performed at baseline and after a mean of 2.9 years. Changes in minimal and average luminal diameter were modeled with multivariate linear regression, clinical outcomes (non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death) with multiple logistic regression. Results The mean subject age was 65 years, 66% of subjects were white, 18% of subjects smoked, most subjects were overweight or obese, and 35% of subjects had diabetes mellitus. RLP cholesterol (0.277 ± 0.254 mmol/L) and triglyceride (0.386 ± 0.552 mmol/L) levels corresponded approximately to the 90th percentile in women in the Framingham study. RLP levels did not change significantly with hormone therapy. RLP levels at baseline, changes in RLP levels, and on treatment RLP levels did not relate to angiographic changes or clinical outcomes (non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death). Conclusions RLP levels were high among post-menopausal women enrolled in the WAVE study, were not affected by hormone therapy, and did not relate to angiographic progression of coronary artery disease or clinical outcomes.