Left ventricular torsion shear angle volume analysis in patients with hypertension: A global approach for LV diastolic function

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2014 Schiros et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Results: HTN demonstrated concentric remodeling with preserved ejection fraction. HTN had significantly decreased normalized early filling rate, early diastolic mitral annulus velocity and E/A (1.33 ± 1.13 vs. 2.19 ± 1.07, P < 0.0001) vs. control. Torsion hysteresis area was greater (0.11 ± 0.07 vs. 0.079 ± 0.045, P < 0.001) and peak - d φ/d V at early diastole was higher (10.46 ± 8.51 vs. 6.29 ± 3.85, P = 0.002) than control. Torsion hysteresis area was significantly correlated with E/A (r = -0.23, P = 0.025). Thirteen HTN patients had both E/A ratio < 1.12 (Control mean E/A-1SD) and torsion hysteresis area > 0.12 (Control mean torsion hysteresis area + 1SD).Conclusions: Torsion hysteresis area and peak early diastolic - d φ /d V were significantly increased in hypertensive concentric remodeling. The φ V loop takes into account the active and passive recoil processes of LV diastolic and systolic phases, therefore provides a new global description of LV diastolic function.Background: Torsion shear angle φ is an important measure of left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic functions. Here we provide a novel index utilizing LV normalized torsion shear angle φ V loop to assess LV diastolic functional properties. We defined the area within φ V loop as torsion hysteresis area, and hypothesized that it may be an important global parameter of diastolic function. We evaluated the φ ^ changes to increased V during early diastole - d φ/ d V as a potential measure of LV suction.Methods. Sixty resistant hypertension patients (HTN), forty control volunteers were studied using cardiovascular magnetic resonance with tissue tagging. Volumetric and torsional parameters were evaluated.
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    Author List

  • Schiros CG; Desai RV; Venkatesh BA; Gaddam KK; Agarwal S; Lloyd SG; Calhoun DA; Denney TS; Dell'Italia LJ; Gupta H
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 1