Objective: To demonstrate the feasibility of using multidetector computed tomography with gadolinium contrast (Gd-MDCT) for the quantification of myocardial infarct (MI). Materials and Methods: MI was induced in male swine (n = 6). One week later, the animals received 0.2-mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine and were sacrificed. On the excised hearts, Gd-MDCT with several tube voltages (80, 120, and 140 kV), late gadolinium enhancement MRI (LGE-MRI), and triphenyl-tetrazolium-chloride staining were then conducted. We used a 2-SD threshold for the CT images and several threshold limits (2, 3, 4, 5, 6 SD, and full width at half-maximum [FWHM]) for the LGE-MRI images to delineate the infarct area. Total infarct volume and infarct fraction of each heart were calculated. Results: MI size measured by MDCT at 140 kV showed good correlation with the reference triphenyl-tetrazolium-chloride value. Applying an 80-kV tube voltage, however, significantly underestimated MI size. In our study, the LGE-MRI method, using the 6-SD threshold, provided the most accurate determination of MI size. LGE-MRI, using the 2-and 3-SD threshold limits, significantly overestimated infarct size. Conclusions: The Gd-MDCT technique has been found suitable for the evaluation of MI in an ex vivo experimental setting. Gd-MDCT has the ability to detect MI even at low kV settings, but accuracy is limited by a high image noise because of reduced photon flux. © 2012 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.