Mediation of a middle school skin cancer prevention program

Academic Article


  • This study tested potential mediators of a school-based skin cancer prevention intervention for middle school children (6th-8th grades; N = 1,788). Ten variables were tested on 4 criteria to establish mediation, including (a) intervention related to outcome, (b) intervention related to mediators, (c) mediators related to outcome, and (d) mediated effect statistically significant. Sun-safe behaviors (e.g., sunscreen use) and potential mediators were measured with a self-report questionnaire. All criteria were met for Barriers - Sunscreen, Perceived Self-Efficacy, and Knowledge when the mediators were tested separately. In multiple mediator analyses, barriers to sunscreen use and self-efficacy satisfied Criteria 1-3 but were not statistically significant (Criterion 4). Barriers to sunscreen use, perceived self-efficacy for sun-safe behavior, and knowledge may serve as mediators. © 2006 APA, all rights reserved.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Health Psychology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Reynolds KD; Buller DB; Yaroch AL; Maloy JA; Cutter GR
  • Start Page

  • 616
  • End Page

  • 625
  • Volume

  • 25
  • Issue

  • 5