Sustained use of an occupational sun safety program in a recreation industry: follow-up to a randomized trial on dissemination strategies

Academic Article


  • The sustainability of evidence-based programs is needed to obtain long-term benefits. To assess sustainability of Go Sun Smart (GSS), an occupational skin cancer prevention program disseminated to the North American ski industry. Fifty-three of the 68 ski areas from the original dissemination trial participated in 2012 and 2013, 5 to 7 years after program distribution by enhanced or basic dissemination strategies. Sustained use was measured by: (1) on-site observation of sun protection communication and (2) an online survey with senior managers. In the sustainability assessment, sun safety communication had declined, and dissemination strategy did not affect continued use. Managers held weaker attitudes about skin cancer importance and program fit, but more managers provided free/reduced-cost sunscreen than in the dissemination trial. Manager turnover was a key factor in program discontinuance. Sustainability remains a challenge. Additional research is needed to determine the best strategies for sustainability.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Buller DB; Walkosz BJ; Andersen PA; Scott MD; Cutter GR
  • Start Page

  • 361
  • End Page

  • 371
  • Volume

  • 5
  • Issue

  • 4