Cervical funneling: Effect on gestational length and ultrasound-indicated cerclage in high-risk women

Academic Article


  • Objective The purpose of this study was to assess funnel type and pregnancy duration in women with previous spontaneous preterm birth and cervical length <25 mm. Study Design We performed a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized trial of cerclage. At the randomization scan that documented short cervix, the presence and type of funnel (U or V) were recorded. Results One hundred forty-seven of 301 women (49%) had funneling: V-shaped funnel, 99 women; U-shaped funnel, 48 women. U-shaped funnel was associated significantly with preterm birth at <24, <28, <35, and <37 weeks of gestation. In multivariable models that controlled for randomization cervical length and cerclage, women with U-shaped funnel delivered earlier than women with either V-shaped funnel or no funnel. Interaction between cerclage and U-shaped funnel was observed, and analyses that were stratified by cerclage showed that women with a U-shaped funnel and cerclage delivered at a mean of 33.8 ± 6.6 weeks of gestation, compared with women who did not receive cerclage (28.9 ± 6.9 weeks of gestation). Conclusion U-shaped funnels in high-risk women with a short cervix are associated with earlier birth. © 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Mancuso MS; Szychowski JM; Owen J; Hankins G; Iams JD; Sheffield JS; Perez-Delboy A; Berghella V; Wing DA; Guzman ER
  • Start Page

  • 259.e1
  • End Page

  • 259.e5
  • Volume

  • 203
  • Issue

  • 3