Sexual behavioural factors associated with gonococcal infection among 991 STD clinic attenders in Trinidad, West Indies (WI) were determined by univariate and stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis. Casual sex (odds ratios [OR] 1.6) was the only predictor of gonorrhoea. Among males, significant associations were identified by univariate analysis between concurrent partnerships, ≥ one sexual partner(s) in the past 6 months, and drug use prior to engaging in casual and/or oral sex. No significant associations were identified between gonorrhoea and sexual behaviour factors among females. This study is the first to describe sexual behaviours associated with gonococcal infection in Trinidad and to evaluate risk behaviours by gender.