Effect of spironolactone on diastolic function in hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved. We have previously shown rapid reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) with 6 months of spironolactone therapy in patients with resistant hypertension (HTN), preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and no history of heart failure. In this substudy, we investigated the effect of mineralocorticoid receptor blockade with spironolactone on pre-clinical diastolic dysfunction. Thirty-four patients (19 with high and 15 with normal aldosterone levels) were treated with spironolactone and followed with cardiac magnetic resonance with tissue tagging at baseline, 3 and 6 months of treatment. Serum markers of collagen turnover (C-propeptide of type-I procollagen and carboxy-terminal telopeptide of type-I collagen) were measured at baseline and at 6 months. At baseline, patients demonstrated reduced E/A ratio (volumetric normalized peak early filling rate/late filling rate, normalized to left ventricular end-diastolic volume), lower peak early-diastolic mitral annular velocity and lower peak early-diastolic circumferential strain rates compared to the reference values obtained from 45 normal controls without HTN or cardiac disease (all comparisons, P<0.01). No significant change occurred in diastolic filling, relaxation parameters or collagen markers with spironolactone therapy at 6 months irrespective of aldosterone status despite significant reduction in left ventricular mass index in both high- and normal-aldosterone groups. In conclusion, resistant HTN patients with LVH demonstrate significant pre-clinical diastolic dysfunction. Short-term spironolactone therapy may not lead to improvement in diastolic function despite rapid reversal of LVH.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 8328871
  • Author List

  • Gupta A; Schiros CG; Gaddam KK; Aban I; Denney TS; Lloyd SG; Oparil S; Dell'Italia LJ; Calhoun DA; Gupta H
  • Start Page

  • 241
  • End Page

  • 246
  • Volume

  • 29
  • Issue

  • 4