Immunostimulatory oligonucleotides attenuate airways remodeling in allergic monkeys

Academic Article


  • To determine whether inhaled immunostimulatory DNA sequence oligonucleotides containing CpG motifs mitigate the pathophysiologic manifestation of the asthmatic phenotype (airways hyperresponsiveness and airways remodeling), rhesus monkeys with experimentally induced allergic airways disease were treated seven times with inhaled immunostimulatory oligonucleotides (or sham) periodically for 33 weeks. Airways hyperresponsiveness was reduced twofold in immunostimulatory DNA sequence-treated compared with sham-treated monkeys. Airways from immunostimulatory oligonucleotide-treated monkeys had thinner reticular basement membranes, fewer mucous cells, fewer eosinophils, and fewer mast cells than sham-treated allergic monkeys. We conclude that inhaled immunostimulatory oligonucleotides can attenuate the magnitude of airway hyperreactivity and airways remodeling produced in nonhuman primates with experimentally induced allergic airways disease.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Fanucchi MV; Schelegle ES; Baker GL; Evans MJ; McDonald RJ; Gershwin LJ; Raz E; Hyde DM; Plopper CG; Miller LA
  • Start Page

  • 1153
  • End Page

  • 1157
  • Volume

  • 170
  • Issue

  • 11