Treatment outcome as a function of treatment attendance with homeless persons abusing cocaine

Academic Article


  • This research examines the influence of treatment attendance at two substance abuse outpatient treatment programs of the Birmingham Substance Abuse Homeless Project on substance abuse, homelessness, and unemployment outcomes with homeless persons abusing primarily crack cocaine. Results revealed that significant reductions across a one year period in alcohol use, cocaine use, and homelessness were more likely to occur in clients who attended an average of 4.1 treatment days per week (High attendance or Enhanced Care group) than clients who attended less than one day a week on average (Low attendance or Usual Care and Medium attendance groups). These results are consistent with the literature suggesting that more intensive contact early in treatment results in better long-term outcome with cocaine abusers, but has now been demonstrated with homeless cocaine abusers who additional problems associated with housing and employment. © 1995 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Schumacher JE; Milby JB; Caldwell E; Raczynski J; Engle M; Michael M; Carr J
  • Start Page

  • 73
  • End Page

  • 85
  • Volume

  • 14
  • Issue

  • 4