Energy flux: Staying in energy balance at a high level is necessary to prevent weight gain for most people

Academic Article


  • Energy flux, the rate of energy conversion from absorption to expenditure or storage, is a critical component of understanding weight management. Individuals who maintain body weight over time have common characteristics including a relatively high level of physical activity and minimal changes in body composition, muscle mass and metabolic rate. A higher state of energy flux resulting from high energy expenditure may provide for a greater sensitivity between energy intake and expenditure. This sensitivity stabilizes body weight by enhancing reciprocal compensation among these components with changes in eating or activity. The energy balance framework suggests that a higher level of energy expenditure requires higher energy intake to maintain body mass. Maintaining energy balance at a higher caloric intake and expenditure should be a more successful long-term strategy for weight maintenance than reduced consumption or extreme caloric restriction at a low level of energy expenditure (a low energy flux) and improve intervention effectiveness for sustainable methods for body weight stability.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hand GA; Shook RP; Hill JO; Giacobbi PR; Blair SN
  • Start Page

  • 599
  • End Page

  • 605
  • Volume

  • 10
  • Issue

  • 6