Do calorie-controlled portion sizes of snacks reduce energy intake?

Academic Article


  • In a cross-over study, participants (n = 59) were randomly assigned to receive either 100 kcal packs or standard size packages of snacks for 1 week. After a minimum of a 1-week washout period, participants received the other form of the snack for 1 week. Snack consumption was recorded by participants in a diary. Participants consumed an average of 186.9 fewer grams of snacks per week when receiving 100 kcal snack packs compared to standard size packages of snacks. Post hoc comparisons revealed the effect of package size depended on both randomization order and study week. Total grams of snacks consumed in week 1 differed significantly between the two randomized groups. In week 2, however, grams of snacks did not differ significantly between the two groups. This interaction was primarily due to a significantly lower consumption of snacks from standard size packages in the week following the portion-controlled packages. The results suggest that portion-controlled packaging reduce total intake from the provided snacks. Further, initial exposure to portion-controlled packages might have increased awareness of portion size such that less was consumed when larger packages were available. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Appetite  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Stroebele N; Ogden LG; Hill JO
  • Start Page

  • 793
  • End Page

  • 796
  • Volume

  • 52
  • Issue

  • 3