This paper explores driver behavior in a paired car-following mode in response to a speed disturbance from a front vehicle. A current state - control action - expected state (SAS) chain is developed to provide a framework for modeling of the hierarchy of expected actions incurred during the need for speed disturbance absorption. Three car-following scenarios and one lane-changing scenario are identified with defined perceptual informative variables to describe the process of speed disturbance absorption. Those variables include dynamic spacing versus the follower's speed, disturbance-effecting and -ending spacing, headway, acceleration - deceleration, speed recovery period, speed advantage, and lane-changing duration. A significant improvement in car-following modeling introduced in the paper is the integration of car-following and lane-changing behaviors in the SAS chain. Moreover, critical values of perceptual informative variables are statistically developed as a function of the follower's speed by using observed vehicle trajectory data. Furthermore, models that determine the probability of a lane change in response to a speed disturbance and models for acceptable lane-changing decision-making conditions at the adjacent lanes are developed on the basis of the analysis of observed vehicle trajectory data. The work presented in this paper provides an analysis of speed disturbance and speed absorption phenomena and car-following and lane-changing behaviors at the microscopic level. This work establishes the foundation for further research on multiple speed disturbance absorption and its impact on traffic stabilities at the macroscopic analysis level.