Correlation of type 1 neovascularization associated with acquired vitelliform lesion in the setting of age-related macular degeneration

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose To correlate postmortem histology with previously recorded multimodal imaging from a patient with type 1 neovascularization (NV) associated with an acquired vitelliform lesion in the setting of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Design Case study. Methods Multimodal imaging that was obtained antemortem was matched with ex vivo and high-resolution histologic images of the preserved donor macula. Anatomic correlates for multimodal imaging findings were then defined. Results Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed a split in the retinal pigment epithelium-Bruch membrane band. Type 1 NV in this case was composed of 6 layered components: (1) retinal pigment epithelium, (2) basal laminar deposits, (3) fibrovascular membrane, (4) fibrocellular scar, (5) hemorrhage, and (6) Bruch membrane. The anatomic correlates for the hyporeflective band on spectral-domain OCT included a thick basal laminar deposit. Not all structures could be readily separated on the basis of their reflectivity patterns. Conclusions This is an important clinicopathologic correlation of NV secondary to AMD in the spectral-domain OCT era. Our findings of 6 layers include and extend the anatomic framework encapsulated by the double-layer and triple-layer signs. The resolution of current devices does not always permit distinction of the different layers of NV tissue. Thick basal laminar deposits may appear hyporeflective on spectral-domain OCT and may be confused with fluid from a neovascular process. It will be important to perform a larger clinicopathologic series to aid our anatomic interpretation of spectral-domain OCT images.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Curcio CA; Balaratnasingam C; Messinger JD; Yannuzzi LA; Freund KB
  • Start Page

  • 1024
  • End Page

  • 1033.e3
  • Volume

  • 160
  • Issue

  • 5