The effects of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2dGlc) and glucose deprivation were investigated in the J774 murine macrophage-like cell line. 2dGlc addition or glucose deprivation for 4 min led to an inhibition in the transient increase in cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+](i)) that otherwise occurs in response to three different agonists: IgG, ATP and platelet activating factor. This inhibition was preceded by a partial release of Ca2+ from intracellular, thapsigargin-sensitive stores. In contrast, the transition from 5 to 30 mM glucose caused a decrease in [Ca2+](i) and a corresponding increase in thapsigargin-sensitive sequestered Ca2+. The effects of an alternate glycolytic inhibitor, NaF, and a mitochondrial inhibitor, rotenone, were also tested. These inhibitors caused neither a release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores nor an inhibition in any of the agonist responses. The capacitative influx of extracellular Ca2+ following depletion of intracellular stores was also found to be selectively inhibited by the prior addition of 2dGlc or with glucose deprivation. In addition, when an elevated plateau of [Ca2+](i) was established by the irreversible depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores, the addition of 2dGlc caused a decrease in the on-going capacitative entry of Ca2+.