Paracrine effects of mesenchymal stem cells in cisplatin-induced renal injury require heme oxygenase-1

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have become a popular and promising therapeutic approach in many clinical conditions. MSC are beneficial in animal models of acute kidney injury (AKI), by mediating differentiation- independent paracrine properties, and have prompted ongoing clinical trials to evaluate the safety and efficacy of MSC. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced in response to stress including AKI and has important anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and proangiogenic properties in these settings. We therefore examined whether HO-1 plays a role in the beneficial effects of MSC in AKI. We isolated MSC from bone marrow of age-matched HO-1 and HO-1 mice. Our studies indicate that while differentiation of MSC into osteo- and adipocytic lineages did not differ between cells isolated from HO-1 and HO-1 mice, MSC from HO-1 mice had significantly lower angiogenic potential. Moreover, HO-1 MSC demonstrated reduced expression and secretion of several important growth and proangiogenic factors (stromal cell-derived factor-1, vascular endothelial growth factor-A, and hepatocyte growth factor) compared with MSC derived from HO-1 mice. In addition, conditioned medium of HO-1 MSC rescued functional and morphological changes associated with cisplatin-induced AKI, while the HO-1 -conditioned medium was ineffectual. Our studies indicate that HO-1 plays an important role in MSC-mediated protection. The results expand understanding of the renoprotective effects of MSC and may provide novel strategies to better utilize MSC in various disease models. +/+ -/- +/+ -/- -/- -/- +/+ +/+ -/-
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zarjou A; Kim J; Traylor AM; Sanders PW; Balla J; Agarwal A; Curtis LM
  • Volume

  • 300
  • Issue

  • 1