Janus kinase 2 influences growth hormone receptor metalloproteolysis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • GH signals through the GH receptor (GHR), a cytokine receptor superfamily member that couples to the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). In addition to its role in signaling, we recently implicated JAK2 in the regulation of cell surface GHR abundance by modulation of GHR trafficking and mature GHR stability. GHR is a target for constitutive and inducible metalloprotease-mediated cleavage that alters surface GHR levels and can modulate GH signaling. We previously found that metalloprotease cleavage of GHR is dramatically lessened in fibroblasts derived from mice with targeted deletion of the zinc-binding domain of TNF-α-cleaving enzyme [TACE; ADAM17 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease)], implicating this transmembrane ectoenzyme as a GHR metalloprotease. In this study we used a human fibrosarcoma reconstitution system to compare the effects of RNA interference-mediated knockdown of TACE vs. a related metalloprotease, ADAM10. We found that TACE knockdown dramatically reduced both the pace and the degree of inducible GHR proteolysis and augmented the abundance of mature GHR, suggesting a role for TACE in constitutive receptor proteolysis in this system as well. Notably, ADAM10 knockdown also reduced inducible GHR proteolysis, although to a lesser degree than TACE knockdown, suggesting a contribution from this metalloprotease also. To determine whether JAK2 affects GHR proteolysis, we compared JAK2-deficient vs. JAK2-replete cells and found that phorbol 12-methyl 13-acetate-induced GHR proteolysis was significantly diminished in cells that lacked JAK2. Reconstitution with a GHR mutant that lacks the box 1 region (which mediates JAK2 association) resulted in phorbol 12-methyl 13-acetate-induced proteolysis similar in degree to that of the wild-type GHR in JAK2-deficient cells. Introduction of JAK2 did not affect the proteolysis of this box 1-deleted GHR, suggesting GHR-JAK2 association is required for JAK2 to affect GHR proteolysis. Additionally, the inhibitory effect of anti-GHRext-mAb, a conformation-sensitive GHR antibody, on receptor proteolysis was lost in cells that lacked JAK2. Our data indicate that the susceptibility of GHR to proteolysis is substantially affected by JAK2, suggesting yet another role for this kinase in determining GH sensitivity. Copyright © 2006 by The Endocrine Society.
  • Published In

  • Endocrinology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Loesch K; Deng L; Cowan JW; Wang X; He K; Jiang J; Black RA; Frank SJ
  • Start Page

  • 2839
  • End Page

  • 2849
  • Volume

  • 147
  • Issue

  • 6