Growth hormone-induced phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor in 3T3-F442A cells: Modulation of EGF-induced trafficking and signaling

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Growth hormone (GH) promotes signaling by causing activation of the non-receptor tyrosine kinase, JAK2, which associates with the GH receptor. GH causes phosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; ErbB-1) and its family member, ErbB-2. For EGFR, JAK2-mediated GH-induced tyrosine phosphorylation may allow EGFR to serve as a scaffold for GH signaling. For ErbB-2, GH induces serine/threonine phosphorylation that dampens basal and EGF-induced ErbB-2 kinase activation. We now further explore GH-induced EGFR phosphorylation in 3T3-F442A, a preadipocytic fibroblast cell line that expresses endogenous GH receptor, EGFR, and ErbB-2. Using a monoclonal antibody that recognizes ERK consensus site phosphorylation (PTP101), we found that GH caused PTP101-reactive phosphorylation of EGFR. This GH-induced EGFR phosphorylation was prevented by MEK1 inhibitors but not by a protein kinase C inhibitor. Although GH did not discernibly affect EGF-induced EGFR tyrosine phosphorylation, we observed by immunoblotting a substantial decrease of EGF-induced EGFR degradation in the presence of GH. Fluorescence microscopy studies indicated that EGF-induced intracellular redistribution of an EGFR-cyan fluorescent protein chimera was markedly reduced by GH cotreatment, in support of the immunoblotting results. Notably, protection from EGF-induced degradation and inhibition of EGF-induced intracellular redistribution afforded by GH were both prevented by a MEK1 inhibitor, suggesting a role for GH-induced ERK activation in regulating the trafficking itinerary of the EGF-stimulated EGFR. Finally, we observed augmentation of early aspects of EGF signaling (EGF-induced ERK2 activation and EGF-induced Cbl tyrosine phosphorylation) by GH cotreatment; the GH effect on EGF-induced Cbl tyrosine phosphorylation was also prevented by MEK1 inhibition. These data indicate that GH, by activating ERKs, can modulate EGF-induced EGFR trafficking and signaling and expand our understanding of mechanisms of cross-talk between the GH and EGF signaling systems.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Huang Y; Kim SO; Jiang J; Frank SJ
  • Start Page

  • 18902
  • End Page

  • 18913
  • Volume

  • 278
  • Issue

  • 21