A retrospective cohort study evaluating the frequency of and factors related to clinical inertia in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) management was performed. Subjects were 90 patients that were not meeting National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III LDL goals at the University of Alabama at Birmingham 1917 HIV/AIDS Clinic between 1 August 2004 and 1 August 2005. Clinical inertia was observed in 44% of cases. Patients with higher baseline LDL levels were less likely to experience inertia, whereas women and those in the highest coronary heart disease risk category were more likely to be affected. © 2008 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved.