In vitro cytotoxicity of a remineralizing resin-based calcium phosphate cement

Academic Article


  • Recently, a resin-based calcium phosphate cement (RCPC) has been reported as a remineralizing pulp-capping or lining cement. RCPC consists mainly of tetracalcium and dicalcium phosphates, ethoxylated bisphenol A dimethacrylate and pyromellitic glycerol dimethacrylate monomers and photo- and chemical initiators. Here, the cytotoxic effects of RCPC were evaluated. The hypothesis was that RCPC induced only minor cytotoxic response in immortalized murine odontoblast and pulp cells, comparable to that produced by similar dimethacrylates due to unpolymerized dimethacrylate monomer present after curing. Cytotoxicity was determined following the changes in cell succinate dehydrogenase activity after 24 h exposure to the cement components and after a 24 h recovery period. A fourfold range of concentrations was tested of the monomers, the eluate of cured RCPC leached in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium, and crushed cured cement in dimethyl sulfoxide. The monomers themselves had cytotoxicities similar to those reported for other dimethacrylates, although they are significantly less toxic than Bis-GMA. Differential cell sensitivity was demonstrated, with the pulp cells having greater sensitivity to the unpolymerized monomer than the odontoblast-like cells. The leached components have cytotoxicity similar to that of the free monomers. The crushed material demonstrated no apparent cytotoxicity at the dilutions tested. These data demonstrate that RCPC has an in vitro cytotoxicity that is comparable to other materials containing dimethacrylate monomers and suggest that the material may be suitable for use in dental restorations. The data also indicate that the pulp cells appear more sensitive to dimethacrylates than the odontoblasts. © 2005 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Published In

  • Dental Materials  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 11291993
  • Author List

  • Boland EJ; MacDougall M; Carnes DL; Dickens SH
  • Start Page

  • 338
  • End Page

  • 345
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 4