Mouse amelogenin exons 8 and 9: Sequence analysis and protein distribution

Academic Article


  • Amelogenin is the major protein of the developing enamel. Two additional exons, termed 8 and 9, have been characterized in the rat. Our aim was: to identify the mouse amelogenin exons 8/9 sequences; to investigate the potential presence of the alternative spliced isoforms of amelogenin exons 8/9; and to immunolocalize proteins containing sequences encoded by exons 8/9 during odontogenesis. RT-PCR analysis with exon 9 antisense primer generated 2 major amplicons with the use of a mouse tooth cDNA library and dental cell lines. DNA sequence analysis showed 93% identify with the rat exons 8/9 sequence. Alternative splicing of exon 3 was also found, but only in cDNAs lacking exons 8 and 9. Immunohistochemistry localized exons 8/9-encoded proteins in ameloblasts, young odontoblasts, and stratum intermedium cells. Analysis of our data supports the hypothesis that: (1) AMELX contains 2 additional exons; (2) ameloblasts and odontoblasts synthesize amelogenin 8/9; and (3) amelogenin splice variants may have unique functions during tooth formation.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Papagerakis P; Ibarra JM; Inozentseva N; DenBesten P; MacDougall M
  • Start Page

  • 613
  • End Page

  • 617
  • Volume

  • 84
  • Issue

  • 7