Researchers are investigating the use of noble metals for the fabrication of resin-bonded prostheses because of concerns about health hazards of nickel and beryllium in base metal alloys. Tin-plating has been advocated to improve the bond of resin luting agents to noble metal alloys. Some manufacturers have suggested that tin-plating is unnecessary to bond noble metal alloys to etched enamel with their products. In this study, Rexillium base metal and Olympia noble metal alloy specimens were bonded to extracted human teeth with the use of two resin luting agents (F21 and Panavia OP). One third of the noble metal specimens were tin-plated, one third were oxidized, and one third were oxidized and sandblasted. Each of the bonded specimens were thermocycled and subjected to a shear force until bond failure. The base metal specimens bonded with Panavia OP luting agent exhibited the greatest mean shear bond strengths. The tin-plating surface treatment significantly increased the mean shear bond strengths of Olympia noble metal specimens. © 1994 The Editorial Council of The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.