Synchrony and Critical Behavior: Equilibrium Universality in Nonequilibrium Stochastic Oscillators

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We review our work on a discrete model of stochastic, phase‐coupled oscillators that is sufficiently simple to be characterized in complete detail, lending insight into the universal critical behavior of the corresponding nonequilibrium phase transition to macroscopic synchrony. In the mean‐field limit, the model exhibits a supercritical Hopf bifurcation and global oscillatory behavior as coupling eclipses a critical value. The simplicity of our model allows us to perform the first detailed characterization of stochastic phase coupled oscillators in the locally coupled regime, where the model undergoes a continuous phase transition which remarkably displays signatures of the XY equilibrium universality class, verifying recent analytical predictions. Finally, we examine the effects of spatial disorder and provide analytical and numerical evidence that such disorder does not destroy the capacity for synchronization.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Wood K; Van den Broeck C; Kawai R; Lindenberg K
  • Start Page

  • 49
  • End Page

  • 55
  • Volume

  • 913