Resistance of concrete masonry walls with membrane catcher systems subjected to blast loading

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This paper describes a methodology for analyzing the impulse pressure response of unreinforced concrete masonry walls that have been retrofitted with membranes that are not bonded to the masonry (catcher systems). Membrane catcher systems can be used to protect building occupants from secondary debris resulting from blast pressure, and the effectiveness of systems comprised of polymers, composites, geotextiles, and thin steel and aluminum sheets has been researched extensively over the past fifteen years. The methodology presented herein is based upon the large displacement response of the unreinforced masonry wall, with and without compression membrane arching, and the subsequent tension membrane resistance of the catcher system. The necessary equations are developed in the form of nonlinear resistance functions, which are then used in single-degree-offreedom analyses to develop dynamic response predictions. The applicability of the approach is substantiated through comparison to full-scale blast test results, and demonstrations involving disparate materials and loading are made.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Moradi LG; Dinan RJ; Bewick BT; Davidson JS
  • Start Page

  • 83
  • End Page

  • 102
  • Volume

  • 2
  • Issue

  • 1