The influence of interfacial energies and gravitational levels on the directionally solidified structures in hypermonotectic alloys

Academic Article


  • Several Cu-Pb-Al alloys were directionally solidified under one-g conditions and alternating high-g/low-g conditions in order to determine the influence of interfacial energies and gravitational levels on the resulting microstructures. The low-g conditions were obtained through use of NASA's KC-135 aircraft. In the Cu-Pb-Al system, changes in the Al content are known to result in variations in the interfacial energy relationships between the phases. Theory predicts that this should lead to a transition from an irregular to a regular, aligned microstructure in monotectic composition alloys. Four different hypermonotectic alloy compositions were used in this study in order to vary systematically the interfacial energies between the phases. Preliminary results indicate microstructural variations between control and flight samples and samples processed at different rates under both one-g and high-g/low-g conditions. In addition, directional solidification of low Al content alloys resulted in samples with coarse, irregular microstructures, as compared to finer, more aligned microstructures in alloys with high Al contents. This was seen in samples processed under both one-g and high-g/low-g conditions. The resulting structures have been related to interfacial energies, growth rates, and gravitational levels. © 1988 The Metallurgical of Society of AIME.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sandlin AC; Andrews JB; Curreri PA
  • Start Page

  • 2665
  • End Page

  • 2669
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 11