Clinical outcomes and gestational age based prediction of pneumatosis intestinalis in preterm infants with necrotizing enterocolitis

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: To determine the clinical implications and gestation age-specific diagnostic predictability of pneumatosis in preterm infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). METHODS: A retrospective study on abdominal radiographs comparing clinical and radiological information in infants with and without pneumatosis. RESULT: Our findings disproved our hypothesis. Pneumatosis was seen more frequently in infants with higher gestational age [28.4 (26.1-32.4) vs. 26.4 (24.3-29) weeks; p < 0.001] and birth weight [1110 (762-1768) vs. 770 (645-1022) grams; p < 0.001] and were more likely delivered vaginally (39.1% vs. 21.7%, p = 0.01). Portal venous gas was seen frequently on radiographs (10.3% vs. 0%, p < 0.001), but not pneumoperitoneum (20.7% vs. 36.7%, p = 0.02). Infants with pneumatosis frequently developed acute kidney injury, with higher serum creatinine (16.5% vs. 4.5%, p = 0.02) and frequent oliguria (12.9% vs. 2.7 %; p = 0.043) and had higher C-reactive protein levels at 24 and 96 hours (p < 0.002). Receiver operating curves for pneumatosis showed GA >28 weeks and birth weight > 1000 gm to have a sensitivity of 58.6% and specificity of 72.5%. CONCLUSION: Contrary to our hypothesis, infants who developed pneumatosis during NEC were more mature with a higher gestational age and birth weight than those who did not.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Garg PM; Paschal JL; Ansari MAY; Sonani H; Grey C; Chan S; Varshney N; Hillegass W
  • Start Page

  • 803
  • End Page

  • 812
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 4