Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill children, and acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication that confers an increased risk for poor outcomes. Despite the documented consequences of sepsis-associated AKI (SA-AKI), no effective disease-modifying therapies have been identified to date. As such, the only treatment options for these patients remain prevention and supportive care, both of which rely on the ability to promptly and accurately identify at risk and affected individuals. To achieve these goals, a variety of biomarkers have been investigated to help augment our currently limited predictive and diagnostic strategies for SA-AKI, however, these have had variable success in pediatric sepsis. In this mini-review, we will briefly outline the current use of biomarkers for SA-AKI, and propose a new framework for biomarker discovery and utilization that considers the individual patient's sepsis inflammatory response. Now recognized to be a key driver in the complex pathophysiology of SA-AKI, understanding the dysregulated host immune response to sepsis is a growing area of research that can and should be leveraged to improve the prediction and diagnosis of SA-AKI, while also potentially identifying novel therapeutic targets. Reframing SA-AKI in this manner - as a direct consequence of the individual patient's sepsis inflammatory response - will facilitate a precision medicine approach to its management, something that is required to move the care of this consequential disorder forward.