Rationale and study protocol for a randomized controlled feeding study to determine the structural- and functional-level effects of diet-specific interventions on the gut microbiota of non-Hispanic black and white adults

Academic Article


  • Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC), the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US, has been associated with an overrepresentation or paucity of several microbial taxa in the gut microbiota, but causality has not been established. Black men and women have among the highest CRC incidence and mortality rates of any racial/ethnic group. This study will examine the impact of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on gut microbiota and fecal metabolites associated with CRC risk. Methods: A generally healthy sample of non-Hispanic Black and white adults (n = 112) is being recruited to participate in a parallel-arm randomized controlled feeding study. Participants are randomized to receive the DASH diet or a standard American diet for a 28-day period. Fecal samples are collected weekly throughout the study to analyze changes in the gut microbiota using 16 s rRNA and selected metagenomics. Differences in bacterial alpha and beta diversity and taxa that have been associated with CRC (Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Clostridium, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Ruminococcus, Porphyromonas, Succinivibrio) are being evaluated. Covariate measures include body mass index, comorbidities, medication history, physical activity, stress, and demographic characteristics. Conclusion: Our findings will provide preliminary evidence for the DASH diet as an approach for cultivating a healthier gut microbiota across non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White adults. These results can impact clinical, translational, and population-level approaches for modification of the gut microbiota to reduce risk of chronic diseases including CRC. Trial registration: This study was registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT04538482, on September 4, 2020 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04538482).
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    Author List

  • Carson TL; Buro AW; Miller D; Peña A; Ard JD; Lampe JW; Yi N; Lefkowitz E; William VDP; Morrow C
  • Volume

  • 123