AI-Based Protein Interaction Screening and Identification (AISID)

Academic Article


  • In this study, we presented an AISID method extending AlphaFold-Multimer’s success in structure prediction towards identifying specific protein interactions with an optimized AISIDscore. The method was tested to identify the binding proteins in 18 human TNFSF (Tumor Necrosis Factor superfamily) members for each of 27 human TNFRSF (TNF receptor superfamily) members. For each TNFRSF member, we ranked the AISIDscore among the 18 TNFSF members. The correct pairing resulted in the highest AISIDscore for 13 out of 24 TNFRSF members which have known interactions with TNFSF members. Out of the 33 correct pairing between TNFSF and TNFRSF members, 28 pairs could be found in the top five (including 25 pairs in the top three) seats in the AISIDscore ranking. Surprisingly, the specific interactions between TNFSF10 (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, TRAIL) and its decoy receptors DcR1 and DcR2 gave the highest AISIDscore in the list, while the structures of DcR1 and DcR2 are unknown. The data strongly suggests that AlphaFold-Multimer might be a useful computational screening tool to find novel specific protein bindings. This AISID method may have broad applications in protein biochemistry, extending the application of AlphaFold far beyond structure predictions.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Fu ZQ; Sha HL; Sha B
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 19