Reclassification of CKD in living kidney donors with the refitted race-free eGFR formula

Academic Article


  • Background: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Epidemiology Collaboration eGFR 2021 formula removed Black race from the 2009 equation. Unintended consequences may lead to reclassifying Black living kidney donors as having more advanced CKD, exacerbating racial disparities in living donation. Methods: We used national data to quantify CKD stage reclassification based on eGFR for Black living donors both pre- and post-donation. Results: Among 6365 Black living donors, 17.7% were reclassified as having a higher CKD stage pre-donation with the 2021 formula. Among 4149 Black living donors with at least 2 creatinine measurements post-donation, 25.5% were reclassified as having a higher CKD stage post-donation with the 2021 formula. Conclusion: Eliminating race in the formula may inappropriately label Black potential donors with CKD. These data highlight the need for a validated eGFR formula for donors, use of measured and not eGFR, and education of non-transplant providers regarding interpretation of CKD staging in living donation.
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    Author List

  • Orandi BJ; Kumar V; Reed RD; MacLennan PA; Shelton BA; McLeod C; Locke JE