SiRNA mediated knockdown of fibroblast growth factor receptors 1 or 3 inhibits FGF-induced anchorage-independent clonogenicity but does not affect MAPK activation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Supplementation with exogenous growth factors such as fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) is essential for anchorage-independent growth of the SW-13 human adrenal adenocarcinoma cell line. We have found that SW-13 cells express mRNAs for FGFRs 1, 3, and 4, but not FGFR2. To assess the roles of individual FGFRs, in anchorage-independent growth, we determined the effects of down-regulation of each FGFR on FGF2- and FGF4-mediated soft agar colony formation in these cells. Using RNAi strategies we found that knockdown of either FGFR1 or FGFR3 leads to inhibition of FGF2- or FGF4-induced soft agar clonogenicity without affecting that induced by heregulin β1. However, this inhibition is independent of ERK1/2 activation as levels of FGF-induced phospho-ERK 1/2 remain unchanged upon knockdown of either FGFR1 or FGFR3. Conversely, RNAi-mediated knockdown of FGFR4 appeared to have no significant effect on either FGF2- or FGF4-induced anchorage-independent colony formation, or ERK1/2 phosphorylation. These results suggest that constitutive levels of both FGFR1 and FGFR3, but not FGFR4 are essential for FGF-stimulated anchorage-independent growth of SW-13 cells.
  • Author List

  • Estes NR; Thottassery JV; Kern FG
  • Start Page

  • 1407
  • End Page

  • 1416
  • Volume

  • 15
  • Issue

  • 6