Recent Stressful Life Events, Lifetime Traumatic Events, Missed Visits, and Antiretroviral Adherence Among Black Women With HIV in the Southeastern United States: A Cross-sectional Study

Academic Article


  • Lifetime traumatic events are prevalent among people with HIV and consistently associated with deleterious HIV outcomes. Yet, little is known about the impact of recent stressful events on health outcomes among Black women with HIV (WWH). This cross-sectional study assessed the prevalence of recent stressful events and lifetime traumatic events and their association with HIV outcomes in Black WWH (n = 200) in the Southeastern United States. We evaluated the association between stressful events and HIV outcomes using chi-square tests and unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses. In the unadjusted analyses, missed visits were associated with higher odds of recent stressful events (odds ratio [OR] 1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-1.16) and lifetime traumatic events (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.05-1.26). In the adjusted analysis, exposure to recent stressful events was independently associated with missed visits (adjusted OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.01-1.15). Interventions addressing recent stressful events are warranted.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 24910002
  • Author List

  • Chapman Lambert C; Wright NC; Elopre L; Fazeli P; King K; Raper JL; Holstad MM; Azuero A; Turan JM; Mugavero MJ
  • Start Page

  • 593
  • End Page

  • 604
  • Volume

  • 33
  • Issue

  • 6