Aristolochic acid-induced nephropathy is attenuated in mice lacking the neutral amino acid transporter B0 AT1 (Slc6a19)

Academic Article

Abstract

  • B0AT1 (Slc6a19) mediates absorption of neutral amino acids in the small intestine and in the kidneys, where it is primarily expressed in early proximal tubules (S1-S2). To determine the role of B0AT1 in nephropathy induced by aristolochic acid (AA), which targets the proximal tubule, littermate female B0AT1-deficient (Slc6a19-/-), heterozygous (Slc6a19+/-), and wild-type (WT) mice were administered AA (10 mg/kg ip) or vehicle every 3 days for 3 wk, and analyses were performed after the last injection or 3 wk later. Vehicle-treated mice lacking Slc6a19 showed normal body and kidney weight and plasma creatinine versus WT mice. The urinary glucose-to-creatinine ratio (UGCR) and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) were two to four times higher in vehicle-treated Slc6a19-/-versus WT mice, associated with lesser expression of early proximal transporters Na+-glucose cotransporter 2 and megalin, respectively. AA caused tubular injury independently of B0AT1, including robust increases in cortical mRNA expression of p53, p21, and hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 1 (Havcr1), downregulation of related proximal tubule amino acid transporters B0AT2 (Slc6a15), B0AT3 (Slc6a18), and Slc7a9, and modest histological tubular damage and a rise in plasma creatinine. Absence of B0AT1, however, attenuated AAinduced cortical upregulation of mRNA markers of senescence (p16), inflammation [lipocalin 2 (Lcn2), C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (Ccl2), and C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (Ccr2)], and fibrosis [tissue inhibitor of metallopeptidase 1 (Timp1), transforming growth factor- β1 (Tgfb1), and collagen type I-α1(Col1a1)], associated with lesser fibrosis staining, lesser suppression of proximal tubular organic anion transporter 1, restoration of Na+-glucose cotransporter 2 expression, and prevention of the AA-induced fivefold increase in the urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio observed in WT mice. The data suggest that proximal tubular B0AT1 is important for the physiology of renal glucose and albumin retention but potentially deleterious for the kidney response following AA-induced kidney injury. New & Noteworthy: Based on insights from studies manipulating glucose transport, the hypothesis has been proposed that inhibiting intestinal uptake or renal reabsorption of energy substrates has unique therapeutic potential to improve metabolic disease and kidney outcome in response to injury. The present study takes this idea to B0AT1, the major transporter for neutral amino acids in the intestine and kidney, and shows that its absence attenuates aristolochic acid-induced nephropathy.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 23449262
  • Author List

  • Garrido AN; Kim YC; Oe Y; Zhang H; Crespo-Masip M; Goodluck HA; Kanoo S; Sanders PW; Bröer S; Vallon V
  • Start Page

  • F455
  • End Page

  • F467
  • Volume

  • 323
  • Issue

  • 4